Siberian center for Environmental Research and Training

Interdisciplinary Integration Project «Siberian Biosphere-Geosphere Programme: Integrated Regional Research of Modern Natural Climatic Changes»

Tendencies and modern level in Russia and abroad
Nowadays the existence of anthropogenic modulation of climatic signal both on the global and regional scale is accepted by the scientific community. At that the registered regional natural-climatic changes of natural and anthropogenic origin cause new regimes of environmental subsystems functioning, which leads in its turn to the appearance of additional factors of influence on the global climatic system. Changing regimes of geosphere-biosphere subsystems interaction (lithosphere, atmosphere, hydrosphere and biosphere) also cause the changes of human activity conditions. Thus, not only the influence of global processes on regional climate changes, but also the influence of regional changes on global ones determines the necessity of interdisciplinary research of simultaneous physical, chemical and biological processes. Difficulty of this research demanding the intake of specialists from different scientific disciplines can not be overcome without usage of modern mathematical modeling tool and developed information technologies.
International Programme IGBP, coordinating geosphere-biosphere research, marked out several world regions which impact considerably to the value of the observed modulation and are more sensible to the forecasting natural-climatic changes. Northern Eurasia is one of the marked regions and Siberia plays a considerable role both in stabilization and destabilization of the system. The simple approving of this fact is the possible change of greenhouse gases balance in the result of the permafrost border shift. Wide-area environmental pollution also demands the fundamental research of chemical elements migration, and of interaction of organic elements with water, gases and mineral components.
For many years the Siberian region has been a theme and a testing area for fundamental and applied research for many RAS institutions and primary for its Siberian branch and also for regional and central institutes of higher education and other establishments of this profile. In previous years new approaches were developed and extensive material was collected here including the results of observations of physical, chemical and biological characteristics of main subsystems of the regional climatic system.
Based on the results of basic research carried out in SB RAS the proposed Programme is, as a matter of fact, a Siberian block of formed by IGBP international project on integration research of all aspects of natural-climatic changes in Northern Siberia.

Main objectives of the project:
  1. To create the system of multicomponent monitoring of Siberian mesoscale natural-territorial complexes on the biological, chemical, physical and technogenic components of the regional geosphere-biosphere system, and to create the informational basis for structuring, storage and free access to the cumulative and incoming data on observations and measurements.
  2. To prepare the guidance and calculation basis for multifactor modeling of basic processes of regional natural-territorial complexes development, taking into account the interaction between main components on the basis of climatic model system, and to develop a guidance basis for forecasting of geosphere-biosphere changes in Siberia in the context of the sustainable development of the region.
  3. To investigate interferences of global and regional (Western Siberia, in the first place) climate characteristic changes caused by natural and anthropogenic factors.
  4. To prepare a scientific technological basis and a national scientific body for inclusion of the Programme into large international projects, supported by IGBP.
Participants List
  1. Institute of Monitoring of Climatic and Ecological Systems SB RAS (former Institute for Optical Monitoring SB RAS)
  2. Institute of Water and Ecological Problems SB RAS
  3. Institute of Petroleum Chemistry SB RAS
  4. Institute of Soil Science and Agricultural Chemistry SB RAS
  5. Institute of Forest SB RAS and its Tomsk Filial
  6. Tomsk Filial of the Institute of Petroleum and Gas Geology SB RAS
  7. Institute of Computational Mathematics and Mathematical Geophysics SB RAS
  8. Institute of Computational Modeling SB RAS
  9. Institute of Geography SB RAS
  10. Institute of Solar-Terrestrial Physics SB RAS
  11. Institute of Catalysis SB RAS
  12. Institute of Chemical Kinetics and Combustion SB RAS
  13. Siberian Center for Environmental Research and Training
  14. Institute of Numerical Mathematics RAS
  15. Altai State University
  16. Tomsk State University
  17. Tomsk Polytechnic University
  18. Tomsk State University of Control Systems and Radioelectronics
  19. Yugorsk State University
  20. Ugra Research Institute of Information Technologies